Step by Step Guide on Excel VBA Code For Wrap Text

If you work with data in Excel spreadsheets, you know the importance of presentation. The ability to wrap text in cells can make a significant impact on how the information is viewed. However, manually wrapping text can be a time-consuming process for larger sets of data. That's where Excel VBA code comes in handy. In this comprehensive guide, we'll take you through the process of using Excel VBA code for wrap text in your spreadsheets. Discover the power of automation and learn how to streamline the presentation of your data.

Key Takeaways

  • Excel VBA code can streamline the process of text wrapping in your spreadsheets.
  • Understanding how Excel handles text wrapping is essential before diving into VBA code.
  • Enabling developer tools in Excel is necessary to access and utilize VBA code.
  • Writing custom VBA code is easier than you think, and we'll guide you through the process.
  • Advanced techniques and best practices can take your text wrapping skills to the next level.

Understanding Text Wrapping in Excel

Excel is a powerful data management tool, widely used in various industries for its versatility and convenience. Understanding how Excel handles text and formatting is key to improving the readability of your spreadsheets. Text wrapping is a simple but effective feature that allows you to manipulate the way text is displayed in cells.

By default, text in Excel cells appears in a single line, with the cell width determining its size. Text wrapping is a formatting option that automatically breaks up the text into multiple lines, keeping the cell height fixed, and making it easier to read.

When deciding whether to use text wrapping in your spreadsheets, consider the nature of your data and the intended audience. Text wrapping is especially useful when dealing with long sentences, headings, or labels that wouldn't fit in a single line.

The benefits of text wrapping in Excel are numerous. It improves the readability of your data, makes it more accessible and user-friendly. It also makes it easier to compare and analyze data, reducing the chances of errors and misunderstandings.


Here's an example: Imagine you have a spreadsheet that contains a column of text values, such as product descriptions. Without text wrapping, the column would appear as a single line within its cell, with parts of the text truncated. With text wrapping enabled, the cell expands to display all of the text, eliminating the need for horizontal scrolling and providing a clear view of the entire description.

Text wrapping is an essential tool for data presentation in Excel. The next section will guide you through the process of enabling Developer Tools in Excel, the prerequisite for using custom VBA code for text wrapping.

Enabling Developer Tools in Excel

To use Excel VBA code, it's essential to enable Developer Tools in Excel. The Developer Tools tab is not available by default and needs to be added to the Excel ribbon. Here's how to activate it:

  1. Open Excel and click on the 'File' tab in the top left corner of the screen.
  2. Select 'Options' at the bottom of the left-hand menu.
  3. Select 'Customize Ribbon' in the menu.
  4. Tick the box next to 'Developer' on the right-hand side of the window.
  5. Click 'OK' to save the changes.

Once you've enabled the Developer Tools, you will be able to access the Visual Basic Editor and start writing VBA code to automate text wrapping and improve the presentation of your Excel spreadsheets.

Keep in mind that enabling Developer Tools should be done with caution, as it allows access to sensitive areas of your computer and Excel files. Be sure to only run code from trusted sources.

Writing Custom VBA Code for Text Wrapping

Once you have enabled Developer Tools in Excel, you can start writing your custom VBA code to wrap text. Don't worry if you're new to programming. We'll guide you through the process step-by-step.

First, open the Visual Basic Editor by pressing Alt + F11 or navigate to the Developer tab and click on Visual Basic. Then, insert a new module by clicking on the Insert menu and selecting Module.

Next, start writing your code. Here is a basic example that wraps the text in cell A1:

Sub WrapText()
Range("A1").WrapText = True
End Sub

In this example, we named the sub WrapText and used the WrapText property to set the text wrapping for cell A1 to true.

You can customize this code to wrap text in any cell or range of cells. Use the .WrapText = True property to enable text wrapping.

Save your VBA code by clicking on the File menu and selecting Save. Then, you can apply your code to wrap text in your Excel spreadsheets.

Applying VBA Code to Wrap Text in Excel

To wrap text using VBA code in Excel, you need to apply the code to your spreadsheet. Here are the step-by-step instructions:

  1. Open your Excel spreadsheet and press Alt + F11 to access the VBA editor.
  2. On the left side of the editor, right-click on the sheet where you want to apply the VBA code and select "View Code".
  3. Copy and paste the VBA code that you want to use into the editor.
  4. Press F5 or click on the "Run" button in the toolbar to run the code.

Once the code is executed, the text in the specified cells will be wrapped automatically.

If you encounter any issues with the text wrapping, here are some troubleshooting tips:

  • Ensure that the cells containing the text are merged correctly.
  • Verify that the correct range of cells is specified in the VBA code.
  • Check that the font size and style do not affect the text wrap.

By applying VBA code to wrap text in Excel, you can simplify the process and save time. It's an essential skill for anyone who regularly works with spreadsheets.

Advanced Techniques for Text Wrapping

Once you've mastered the basics of text wrapping in Excel VBA, it's time to explore advanced techniques that can take your skills to the next level.

Manipulating Formatting

One of the advanced techniques for text wrapping in Excel is manipulating the formatting. By applying different styles, fonts, and sizes, you can create visually appealing spreadsheets that are easy to read. You can also format specific parts of the text by highlighting them and changing their properties.

Handling Irregular Cell Sizes

Irregular cell sizes can sometimes be a roadblock in text wrapping. However, with Excel VBA, you can handle such situations by using the 'Merge and Center' feature. This will combine cells and create a larger area for text to wrap around. It's important to note that this feature should be used sparingly, as it can affect the overall layout of the spreadsheet.

Incorporating Conditional Wrapping

Conditional wrapping is a powerful feature that lets you wrap text based on specific conditions. For example, you can wrap text in a cell only if the text is longer than a specified number of characters. This technique can help you create more dynamic and flexible spreadsheets that adjust to changing data.

Creating a Dynamic Table

Another advanced technique is creating a dynamic table that automatically adjusts its size based on the amount of data. This can be achieved by creating a table using the Excel 'Table' feature. This technique is useful when the amount of data is subject to change and you want to avoid adjusting the table size manually every time.

Pro tip: Creating a dynamic table in Excel VBA is a great way to save time and create more efficient spreadsheets.

By incorporating these advanced techniques into your text wrapping skills, you can enhance the presentation of your data and create visually appealing spreadsheets that stand out.

Best Practices for Wrapping Text in Excel

Wrapping text in Excel can greatly enhance the readability of your spreadsheets. However, to achieve the best results, you need to follow some best practices. Here are some tips to help you get started:

  1. Optimize column widths: Adjusting the width of your columns to fit the content is essential to avoid cutting off text. You can use the AutoFit feature to automatically adjust column width to the longest entry. Alternatively, you can manually resize the columns to fit your data.
  2. Avoid merging cells: Merging cells can cause problems with sorting and filtering data. It's best to avoid merging cells whenever possible and use text wrapping instead.
  3. Adjust row heights: To ensure all text is visible, you may need to adjust the height of your rows. You can use the AutoFit Row Height feature to automatically adjust the row height to fit the content, or you can manually resize the rows.
  4. Use text orientation: Sometimes, wrapping text is not enough to fit text into a cell. In these cases, you can use the Orientation feature to change the text direction. You can rotate text to 90 or 270 degrees, which can help fit more text into a cell.

Remember, when it comes to wrapping text in Excel, it's important to find the right balance between readability and aesthetics. By following these best practices, you can ensure your wrapped text is visually appealing and easy to read.

Saving and Sharing VBA Code for Wrap Text

Once you've written your custom VBA code for wrapping text in Excel, it's essential to keep it safely stored and accessible for future use. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to save and share your code:

  1. Saving VBA Code: To save your VBA code, open your Excel workbook and press Alt+F11 to access the Visual Basic Editor. In the editor, select your desired worksheet or module and click File > Export File. Save your file with a recognizable name and .bas extension. This will save your VBA code as a standalone file on your computer.
  2. Sharing VBA Code: To share your VBA code with others, you can simply distribute the .bas file using email or a file sharing service. Alternatively, you can insert the code directly into another user's Excel workbook. To do so, open the Visual Basic Editor in the target workbook by pressing Alt+F11. In the editor, go to File > Import File and select the .bas file containing your VBA code. Once imported, the code will be available for use in the target workbook.

By following these simple steps, you can ensure that your custom VBA code for text wrapping is easily accessible and shareable among your team or with fellow Excel users.


By following this step-by-step guide, you now have a solid foundation for using Excel VBA code to wrap text in your spreadsheets. Remember to always consider the readability and presentation of your data when applying text wrapping techniques.

Continue to explore the world of VBA programming and discover new ways to automate your Excel tasks. And don't forget to share your knowledge with your colleagues and friends, so they too can benefit from your newfound skills!


How does text wrapping work in Excel?

Text wrapping in Excel allows you to display long pieces of text within a single cell by automatically adjusting the row height and wrapping the text onto multiple lines.

How do I enable the Developer Tools in Excel?

To enable the Developer Tools in Excel, go to the "File" tab, click on "Options," select "Customize Ribbon," and check the box next to "Developer" in the right column.

Can I write my own VBA code for text wrapping in Excel?

Absolutely! With Excel's VBA programming language, you can create custom code to automate text wrapping in your spreadsheets. Section 4 of this guide provides detailed instructions and examples.

What are the different methods to apply VBA code for text wrapping?

There are several ways to apply VBA code for text wrapping in Excel. You can use macros, assign the code to buttons, or apply it to specific cells or ranges. Section 5 dives into these methods and offers troubleshooting tips.

Are there any advanced techniques for text wrapping in Excel?

Yes, Section 6 covers advanced techniques to take your text wrapping skills to the next level. Learn how to manipulate formatting, handle irregular cell sizes, and implement conditional wrapping for enhanced data presentation.

What are the best practices for wrapping text in Excel?

Section 7 provides valuable insights and expert tips on best practices for wrapping text. You'll learn how to optimize column widths, adjust row heights, and make your wrapped text visually appealing.

Can I save and share my VBA code for wrap text in Excel?

Absolutely! Section 8 of this guide explains different methods to save and share your VBA code, ensuring its accessibility for future use. Whether you store it in a personal macro workbook or distribute it to others, you can easily share your code.