Step by Step Guide on Excel VBA Code for Page Setup

If you want to enhance the appearance and printing precision of your Excel documents, then this comprehensive guide is for you! Here, we'll show you how to optimize and customize page setups in your spreadsheets using Excel VBA. Follow our step-by-step instructions, and you'll be able to beautifully format your Excel pages, complete with customized margins, paper sizes, and page orientation.

Key Takeaways

  • Customize Excel page setups with VBA coding
  • Efficiently use the VBA editor in Excel
  • Automate page setup actions with VBA events
  • Avoid common coding mistakes with troubleshooting tips
  • Enhance page setup with advanced VBA techniques

Understanding Page Setup in Excel

Before we delve into the Excel VBA code for page setup, it is vital to understand the concept of page setup in Excel. This section will explain the various elements that make up the page setup feature in Excel. These elements include:

  • Page orientation: determines whether the document prints in a portrait or landscape format.
  • Margins: the blank spaces around the edges of the printed page.
  • Print Area: the part of the document that you want to print.
  • Scaling: determines whether you want to shrink or expand the document to fit the printable page.
  • Headers/Footers: additional text added to the top or bottom of each printed page.

Understanding these concepts will enable you to customize your spreadsheets effectively and achieve the desired printing results.

Enabling the Developer Tab in Excel

To access the essential tools and features for writing and running VBA code, you need to enable the Developer tab in Excel. Follow the simple steps below to activate the Developer tab:

  1. Click on the File tab on the top left corner of the screen.
  2. Select Options.
  3. Click on Customize Ribbon on the left-hand side of the window.
  4. Under Main Tabs, tick the box next to Developer.
  5. Click OK to save the changes.

Once you have enabled the Developer tab, you can access it from the main Excel toolbar.

Recording a Macro for Page Setup

Recording a macro can be a simple and time-saving way of generating VBA code that can automate repetitive tasks. It is especially useful for those who are not familiar with VBA code and want to automate their page setup process. Follow these steps to record a macro for page setup:

  1. Enable the Developer tab: Before recording a macro, make sure that the Developer tab is enabled in Excel. Go to File > Options > Customize Ribbon, then check the box next to Developer in the right pane. Click OK.
  2. Start Recording: Go to the Developer tab and click on the Record Macro button. A dialog box will appear with options to set a name for the macro, a shortcut key, and a description. Provide these details and click OK.
  3. Customize Page Setup: Customize the page setup options to your preference. You can modify the margins, page orientation, paper size, print area, and more. Once you have set the desired options, click on OK.
  4. Stop Recording: Go back to the Developer tab and click on Stop Recording to complete the process. A new macro has been created which contains the VBA code for the page setup options you selected.

Now that the macro is recorded, you can use it repeatedly by running the macro from the Developer tab. This eliminates the need to manually apply the same page setup settings each time.

Below is an example of the generated VBA code:

Sub Macro1()
' Macro1 Macro
' Macro recorded 10/25/2021 by John Smith
' Page setup recording
With ActiveSheet.PageSetup
.LeftMargin = Application.InchesToPoints(0.75)
.RightMargin = Application.InchesToPoints(0.75)
.TopMargin = Application.InchesToPoints(1)
.BottomMargin = Application.InchesToPoints(1)
.HeaderMargin = Application.InchesToPoints(0.5)
.FooterMargin = Application.InchesToPoints(0.5)
.Orientation = xlLandscape
.Zoom = False
.FitToPagesWide = 1
.FitToPagesTall = 1
End With
End Sub>

Understanding the VBA Editor in Excel

Now that we know the basics of page setup and how to enable the developer tab to write VBA code, it's time to get familiar with the VBA Editor in Excel. The VBA Editor is where you can write, edit, and run your VBA code. It's essential to understand the essential features and functionalities of the VBA Editor to be able to optimize your code effectively.

The Code Window

The code window is where you will write and edit your VBA code in Excel. Here, you can write code for your page to interact with Excel and perform various tasks automatically. The VBA code consists of subroutines and functions that run commands and help automate page setup tasks in Excel.


Modules are containers for your VBA code in the Excel VBA Editor. By default, Excel creates a new module for each Excel file when you start writing VBA code for the first time. Each module can contain one or more subroutines, functions, and variable declarations. You can create a new module or copy an existing module to reuse your VBA code to another workbook.

Debugging Tools

The built-in debugging tools in the VBA Editor can help you identify and fix errors while you write your code. These tools include the immediate window, watch window, and breakpoint. With these tools, you can inspect the values of variables, test expressions, and stop code execution to see the code's internal state at a particular point in the program.

Once you've practiced with the VBA Editor, you'll be able to use these debugging features like a pro and save yourself headaches and time in the long run.

Writing VBA Code for Page Setup

Now that you have a better understanding of page setup in Excel, let's dive into the process of customizing it with VBA code.

Step 1: Open the VBA Editor in Excel by pressing Alt + F11.

Step 2: Insert a new module by clicking Insert -> Module in the menu bar.

Step 3: Begin writing your VBA code. To customize page settings, you can use various VBA commands and properties. Some of the most commonly used ones include:


Use the PageSetup.LeftMargin, PageSetup.RightMargin, PageSetup.TopMargin, and PageSetup.BottomMargin properties to set the margins of your page.

Paper Size:

Use the PageSetup.PaperSize property to set the paper size of your page.

Page Orientation:

Use the PageSetup.Orientation property to set the page orientation to either portrait or landscape.


Use the PageSetup.Zoom property to set the scaling of your page. This property allows you to adjust the size of your worksheet to fit on a single page.

Headers and Footers:

Use the PageSetup.CenterHeader, PageSetup.CenterFooter, PageSetup.LeftHeader, PageSetup.LeftFooter, PageSetup.RightHeader, and PageSetup.RightFooter properties to set custom headers and footers for your page.

Step 4: Test your VBA code by running the macro. To do this, click Run -> Run Sub/UserForm in the menu bar or press F5 on your keyboard.

Remember to save your code and test it on a sample Excel worksheet to ensure that it works as intended.

Applying VBA Code to Multiple Worksheets

If you're managing a large dataset, you likely have multiple worksheets with similar page setup requirements. Instead of manually applying the same page setup settings to each worksheet, you can save time and effort by using VBA code to automate this process. Here's how:

  1. Open the VBA Editor by pressing Alt + F11.
  2. In the left pane, double-click the worksheet where you want to apply the page setup settings.
  3. In the code window, select Workbook from the drop-down menu on the left.
  4. Select SheetActivate from the drop-down menu on the right.
  5. Enter the VBA code for your desired page setup settings. For example, you can include code for setting margins, scaling, or page orientation.
  6. Repeat steps 2-5 for each worksheet where you want to apply the page setup settings.
  7. Save your changes, then close the VBA Editor.

With this approach, you only need to write the VBA code once, and it will automatically apply to all selected worksheets. This not only saves time but also ensures consistent formatting across your entire spreadsheet.


Suppose you have an Excel file with three worksheets and you want to set the same margins (0.5 inches) for all of them. Here's the VBA code you would use:

Private Sub Workbook_SheetActivate(ByVal Sh As Object)

Sh.PageSetup.LeftMargin = Application.InchesToPoints(0.5)

Sh.PageSetup.RightMargin = Application.InchesToPoints(0.5)

Sh.PageSetup.TopMargin = Application.InchesToPoints(0.5)

Sh.PageSetup.BottomMargin = Application.InchesToPoints(0.5)

End Sub

Simply repeat the above steps for each worksheet in your file. Once saved, the VBA code will apply the same margin settings to each worksheet automatically.

Automating Page Setup with VBA Events

VBA events offer an efficient way to automate page setup actions based on specific triggers or events in Excel. This can save you a significant amount of time if you have a large number of worksheets or documents to format.

To get started, you will need to identify the trigger or event that will activate the page setup action. Excel offers various events, such as workbook opening, worksheet activation, or printing.

Let's say we want to apply a specific page setup format to all worksheets in a particular workbook every time it is opened. Here's how you can do it:

  1. Open the workbook in Excel and access the VBA Editor by pressing Alt+F11 or navigating to Developer > Visual Basic.
  2. Right-click the Project window and select Insert > Module to create a new module for your code.
  3. Insert the following code into the module:

Private Sub Workbook_Open()
Dim ws As Worksheet
For Each ws In ThisWorkbook.Worksheets
'insert code for your desired page setup format
Next ws
End Sub

4. Replace the placeholder comment with the desired code for your page setup format, such as adjusting margins or setting the paper size.
5. Save the module, and exit the VBA Editor.
6. Close the workbook, then open it again to see the page setup format applied across all worksheets.

Remember to save your file as a macro-enabled workbook (.xlsm) to preserve the VBA code.

By automating page setup tasks with VBA events, you can save time and ensure consistent formatting across your worksheets. Experiment with different triggers and VBA code and see what works best for your needs!

Troubleshooting Common Issues with Page Setup VBA Code

Congratulations on successfully creating VBA code for page setup. However, unforeseen issues can arise during the execution of the code. We have compiled a list of common issues you may encounter and provided troubleshooting tips to help you overcome them:

Incorrect Page Setup Parameters

If your page setup VBA code is not producing the desired outcome, double-check the parameters you specified in the code. Ensure that you have used the correct syntax and assigned the appropriate values. You can consult the Microsoft Excel VBA documentation for assistance in determining the correct syntax.

Tip: If you are unsure about the VBA syntax to use, try recording a macro for your desired page setup action and then examine the corresponding VBA code generated. This can provide useful insights into the correct syntax and parameters to use.

Missing or Invalid Object Reference

One of the most common issues with VBA code is a missing or invalid object reference. This occurs when the VBA code references an object that does not exist or has been renamed or deleted. To resolve this issue, ensure that all object references in your code are accurate and up-to-date. You can use the VBA Object Browser to check for object references and their corresponding syntax.

Incomplete or Incorrectly Formatted Code

Another common issue is incomplete or incorrectly formatted VBA code. Ensure that all opening and closing parentheses, brackets, and quotes are correctly placed, and there are no spelling errors or syntax errors. You can use the VBA editor's debugging tools to pinpoint and correct such issues quickly.

Runtime Error

You may encounter a runtime error while executing your page setup VBA code. This error can occur due to a variety of reasons, including incorrect syntax, invalid object reference, or incorrect data type assignment. To resolve this issue, use the VBA debugger to pinpoint the source of the error and make the necessary corrections.

By following these troubleshooting tips, you can effectively overcome common issues that may arise while working with page setup VBA code. Keep in mind that debugging and resolving issues are an integral part of the programming process.

Enhancing Page Setup with Advanced VBA Techniques

Take your Excel page setup to the next level with advanced VBA techniques. These methods will allow you to further customize and optimize your page settings to suit your specific needs. Follow this step-by-step guide to learn the following:

  1. How to use conditional formatting to modify page setup based on specific criteria
  2. How to use dynamic page settings that change depending on the data entered into your spreadsheets
  3. How to integrate other Excel functionalities into your page setup for more efficient and streamlined processes

Conditional Formatting

Conditional formatting allows you to modify your page setup based on specific criteria such as cell value, text, or a formula. This technique adds more flexibility to your page setup, making it easier to automate and customize. Here's a quick rundown of how to add conditional formatting to your page setup:

  1. Select the cells you want to format by clicking on them
  2. Go to the Home tab and click on Conditional Formatting
  3. Select the criteria by which you want to apply your formatting
  4. Choose the format settings you want to apply
  5. Click OK to apply your formatting

By using conditional formatting, you can modify page setup properties such as margins, paper size, and print area based on data or specific cell values.

Dynamic Page Settings

Dynamic page settings allow you to adjust your page setup based on the data entered into your spreadsheet. These types of page settings are especially helpful if you have varying amounts of data on different worksheets or need to adjust your page size based on the data in your cells. Here's how to achieve dynamic page settings:

  1. Create a named range for the cells that contain your data
  2. In the VBA editor, use the named range to define your print area and adjust other page setup properties as needed
  3. As you add or remove data from your spreadsheet, the page setup will automatically adjust based on the size of your named range and your VBA code

Excel Functionality Integration

You can also combine different Excel functionalities with page setup VBA code to create more efficient workflows. For example, you can use VBA code to automatically filter and sort data on a worksheet before printing, allowing you to skip manual steps and save time. Here's how to integrate Excel functionality with your page setup VBA code:

  1. Identify the Excel functionality you want to use (e.g., data filters, sorting, etc.)
  2. Write VBA code that combines the page setup code with the desired functionality
  3. Test and refine your code as needed

“With advanced VBA techniques, you can go beyond the basics of page setup customization and create truly dynamic Excel documents that meet your exact specifications.”

Best Practices for Excel VBA Code for Page Setup

Optimizing your Excel VBA code is essential to ensure smooth execution and maintenance of your page setup customization. Here are some best practices to follow:

  1. Comment your code: Adding comments to your VBA code makes it easier for you and others to understand what the code is doing. Use comments to explain important functions and procedures, variable definitions, and any other relevant details. This will help you debug issues and maintain your code more effectively.
  2. Practice good coding habits: Use meaningful variable and procedure names that accurately reflect their purpose. Avoid using numeric literals in your code; instead, use named constants or enums to represent them. Split up lengthy code blocks into smaller, more manageable subroutines or functions to improve readability and maintainability.
  3. Use error handling: Incorporating error handling into your VBA code helps you anticipate and handle runtime errors that may occur during code execution. You can use error handling to display informative error messages to users, log errors to a file, or gracefully handle errors without crashing the program.
  4. Test your code: Testing is crucial to ensure that your VBA code works as expected, handles edge cases, and is free of bugs. Conduct thorough testing of your code, both through manual testing and writing unit test cases. Use debugging tools like breakpoints and watches to diagnose and fix any issues.
  5. Stay up-to-date with best practices: The world of VBA programming is continuously evolving, with new tools and techniques being developed all the time. Stay informed about the latest best practices and tools by reading blog posts, attending training sessions, or joining online communities of VBA programmers.

By following these best practices, you can write efficient, error-free VBA code for page setup customization in Excel. Adopting these tips will help you maximize your productivity and unlock the full potential of VBA code for your Excel spreadsheets.


Now that you have a thorough understanding of Excel VBA code for page setup, it's time to put your newly acquired knowledge into practice. By following the step-by-step guide, you can customize and optimize the page setups of your Excel spreadsheets effortlessly.

Take advantage of VBA code to enhance your printing precision and make your spreadsheets visually appealing. Remember to maintain best practices when it comes to writing efficient and error-free VBA code for page setup.

With the power of VBA code, the sky is the limit when it comes to page setup customization. Get started today and unlock the full potential of Excel page setup.


What is the purpose of this guide?

The purpose of this guide is to provide a comprehensive step-by-step walkthrough on using Excel VBA code to optimize and customize page setups in your spreadsheets.

What is page setup in Excel?

Page setup in Excel refers to the configuration of various elements such as page orientation, margins, print area, scaling, and headers/footers in a worksheet.

How do I enable the Developer tab in Excel?

To enable the Developer tab in Excel, you can follow the instructions provided in this guide.

What is the benefit of recording a macro for page setup?

Recording a macro allows you to generate VBA code automatically without the need to write it manually, making the process more convenient and efficient.

What is the VBA Editor in Excel?

The VBA Editor is the integrated development environment in Excel where you can write, edit, and run VBA code.

How can I write VBA code for page setup?

This guide will walk you through the process of writing VBA code to customize page settings such as margins, paper size, and page orientation.

Can I apply VBA code to multiple worksheets?

Yes, this guide will show you how to apply the same page setup settings to multiple worksheets using VBA.

How can I automate page setup with VBA events?

VBA events allow you to automate page setup actions based on specific triggers or events such as workbook opening, worksheet activation, or printing.

What should I do if I encounter issues with page setup VBA code?

In case of common issues with page setup VBA code, this guide provides troubleshooting tips and solutions to help you overcome obstacles and ensure smooth code execution.

Are there advanced VBA techniques for page setup customization?

Yes, advanced VBA techniques such as conditional formatting, dynamic page settings, and integration with other Excel functionalities can further enhance page setup customization.

What are the best practices for Excel VBA code for page setup?

This guide includes valuable best practices for writing efficient and error-free VBA code for page setup in Excel, helping you optimize your code and avoid common pitfalls.